Africa

In South Africa, TOTAL acquired an interest in the 11B-12B license (50%, operator) in September 2013. This license, which covers an area of 19,000 km², is located approximately 175 km south of the South African coast in water depths ranging from 200 m to 1,800 m. The drilling of an exploration well, which began in July 2014 and stopped at the beginning of October 2014, should resume when all of the conditions permit.

In addition, the Group holds a technical cooperation license for the Outeniqua Block (100%), which covers approximately 76,000 km² and is located to the southwest of the 11B-12B license in water depths ranging from 400 m to 4,000 m.

In Algeria, TOTAL’s production was 20 kboe / d during 2014, compared with 21 kboe / d in 2013 and 23 kboe / d in 2012. All of the Group’s production in Algeria comes from the Tin Fouyé Tabankort (TFT) field (35%). TOTAL also has a 37.75% stake in the Timimoun gas development project.

  • The development of the Timimoun field continued in 2014. The plant construction contract was signed in February 2014 and the drilling rig contract in September 2014.
  • TOTAL decided not to implement the Ahnet project and abandoned the Ain Enakhal exploration well.

In Angola, the Group’s production in 2014 was 200 kboe / d, compared with 186 kboe / d in 2013 and 179 kboe / d in 2012. This production comes primarily from Blocks 0, 14 and 17. Recent highlights include the start-up of production on the Pazflor project in 2011 and the CLOV project in 2014, as well as the acquisition of interests in the exploration blocks 25, 39 and 40 in the Kwanza basin.

  • Deep offshore Block 17 (40%, operator) is TOTAL’s principal asset in Angola. It is composed of four major producing hubs: Girassol, Dalia, Pazflor and CLOV. CLOV, the newest hub, was launched in 2010, started production in June 2014 and reached its plateau production of 160 kboe / d in September 2014.
  • On the ultra-deep offshore Block 32 (30%, operator), the Kaombo project was launched in April 2014 to develop the discoveries in the southeast part of the block via two FPSOs (Floating Production Storage and Offloading facilities) with a capacity of 115 kb / d each. Production start-up is planned for 2017. The exploration and delineation of the center and north parts of the block is ongoing.
  • On Block 14 (20%(1)), production comes from the Tombua-Landana and Kuito fields as well as the BBLT project, comprising the Benguela, Belize, Lobito and Tomboco fields.
  • Block 14K (36.75%) is the offshore unitization zone between Angola (Block 14) and the Republic of the Congo (Haute Mer license). Launched in 2012, the development of the Lianzi field will be via a connection to the existing BBLT platform (Block 14). TOTAL’s interest in the unitized block is held 10% through Angola Block 14 BV and 26.75% through Total E&P Congo.
  • On Block 0 (10%), the development of Mafumeira Sul was approved by the partners and the authorities in 2012. This project constitutes the second development phase of the Mafumeira field.
  • In April 2014, TOTAL sold its entire stake in Block 15 / 06 (15%).

TOTAL has interests in exploration block 17 / 06 (30%, operator) in the Lower-Congo basin and blocks 25 (35%, operator), 39 (15%) and 40 (40%, operator) in the deep offshore Kwanza basin. In 2014 and early 2015, the Group drilled pre-salt targets on blocks 25, 39 and 40. TOTAL relinquished its interest in Block 33 (58.67%, operator) in November 2014.

TOTAL is also developing its LNG activities through the Angola LNG project (13.6%), which includes a gas liquefaction plant near Soyo supplied in particular by the gas associated with production from Blocks 0, 14, 15, 17 and 18. LNG production started in June 2013 but various technical incidents required the extended shut down of the plant.

In Côte d’Ivoire, TOTAL is active in four deep offshore exploration licenses located 50 km to 100 km from the coast and covering approximately 5,200 km² at water depths ranging from 1,000 m to 3,000 m.

On the CI-100 license (60%, operator) located in the Tano basin, an initial exploration well (Ivoire-1X) was drilled in early 2013 at a water depth of more than 2,300 meters.

On the licenses CI-514 (54%, operator), CI-515 (45%) and CI-516 (45%) situated in the San Pedro basin, a 3D seismic survey was carried out in 2012 and three exploration wells were drilled in 2014.

In Egypt, TOTAL relinquished Block 4 (East El Burullus Offshore; 50% operator) at the end of the first exploration period in August 2014 after having drilled the Kala-1 well in 2013.

In September 2014, TOTALwas awarded Block 2 (North El Mahala Onshore) located in the Nile delta.

In Gabon, the Group’s production in 2014 was 58 kboe / d compared with 59 kboe / d in 2013 and 57 kboe / d in 2012. The Group’s exploration and production activities in Gabon are mainly carried out by Total Gabon(2).

  • As part of the redevelopment project (estimated production capacity 20 kboe / d) of the Anguille field (100%, operator), the AGM North platform was installed in 2012. Production from the platform started in 2013 and fourteen wells are operational.
  • In the Torpille field (100%, operator), a 3D seismic survey is underway.
  • On the deep offshore Diaba license (42.5%, operator), an initial exploration well (Diaman-1B) was drilled in 2013 at a water depth of more than 1,700 M. This well revealed an accumulation of gas and condensates. A 3D seismic survey was acquired in the western part of the block in the fourth quarter of 2014.
  • The Nguongui-updip well drilled on the Mutamba-Iroru license (50%) in 2012 revealed the presence of hydrocarbons.
  • On the Nziembou license (20%), the drilling of the Igongo-1X well revealed a multi-layer accumulation of oil and gas and the drilling of the Monbou 1 prospect was completed in early January 2015.

In Kenya, TOTAL has interests on the offshore L5 and L7 licenses (40%) and the L11a, L11b and L12 licenses (30% after selling 10% of the stake in December 2014) and is the operator of the L22 license (70%) located in the Lamu delta in water depths ranging from 1,000 m to 3,500 m.

In 2013, two exploration wells were drilled in Blocks L7 and L11b.

On the offshore L22 license, seabed core drilling operations were carried out in early 2014 and a 3D seismic survey was carried out, benefitting from synergies with the adjacent blocks.

In Libya, the Group’s production in 2014 was 27 kb / d compared with 50 kb / d in 2013 and 62 kb / d in 2012. TOTAL is a 75%(1) partner in the Mabruk (Blocks 70 and 87) and Al Jurf (Blocks 15, 16 and 32) zones operated by Mabruk Oil Operations, a company held by National Oil Corporation (NOC) and TOTAL. In addition, TOTAL is a partner in the El Sharara zone (which comprises Blocks 129 and 130 (30%(1)) and 130 and 131 (24%(1))). Finally, TOTAL is the operator of the NC191 (100%(1)) exploration block.

The security situation in 2014 led the Group to gradually reduce the number of its personnel in Libya. Beginning in mid-2013 and through to the summer of 2014, production was affected by the blockade of most of the country’s terminals and pipelines.

  • In the onshore blocks 70 and 87 (Mabruk), production has been stopped since August 2013 due to the blockade of the Es Sider export terminal. Production resumed in September 2014 with the reopening of the terminal before being disrupted again mid-December due to the security situation near the Es Sider terminal; the field has not been producing since then.
  • In the onshore blocks 129, 130 and 131 (El Sharara), production was interrupted several times in 2014. Nevertheless, the exploration of these blocks continued in 2014 with the drilling of three wells.
  • In the offshore blocks 15, 16 and 32 (Al Jurf), production has not been affected by the social unrest in the country. However, the A1-16 / 3 exploration well which began drilling at year-end 2013 was plugged and temporarily abandoned in August 2014.

In Madagascar, TOTAL is active on the Bemolanga 3102 license (60%, operator). A two-year extension of the exploration phase was approved by the local authorities in August 2014.

In Morocco, on the 100,000 km² Anzarane offshore reconnaissance contract which was granted in December 2011 to TOTAL and ONHYM (National Bureau of Petroleum and Mines), an extension was granted until December 2015. The processing and interpretation of a 3D seismic survey, acquired in 2013 in the southern part of the block, is ongoing.

In Mauritania, the Group holds exploration interests in the ultra-deep offshore C9 license (90%, operator) and the onshore Ta29 license (72%, operator) in the Taoudenni basin, both acquired in 2012.

  • On Block Ta29, following the results of the 2D seismic survey performed in 2012, studies are underway to assess the block. In 2013, TOTAL sold an 18% stake in Block Ta29, reducing its stake to 72%.
  • A 3D seismic survey campaign covering 4,700 km² was conducted on Block C9 in 2013.
  • Furthermore, at the end of the exploration period in July 2014, Blocks Ta7 and Ta8 (60%, operator) were relinquished to the authorities.

In Mozambique, TOTAL acquired a 40% stake in the production sharing contract for offshore zones 3 and 6 in 2012. Located in the Rovuma basin, these two blocks cover an area of 15,250 km² from the coast up to water depths of 2,500 m. Half of the area of the two blocks was relinquished in 2013. A 500 km² 3D seismic survey was carried out between year-end 2014 and beginning of 2015.

In Nigeria, the Group’s production in 2014 was 257 kboe / d compared with 261 kboe / d in 2013 and 279 kboe / d in 2012. This decline was primarily due to the sharp increase in oil bunkering and a blockade of Nigeria LNG’s export cargoes in 2013. Nigeria is the leading contributor to the Group’s production.

TOTAL has been present in Nigeria since 1962 and operates five of the thirty seven oil mining leases (OML) in which it has interests and also holds interests in four oil prospecting licenses (OPL).

Regarding the principal variations in TOTAL’s permits since 2012:

  • In September 2013, TOTAL was granted approval by the authorities to increase its stake in OPL 285 from 26.67% to 60%.
  • In May 2013, TOTAL obtained the approval of the authorities for the renewal of OML 99, 100 and 102 for a period of twenty years.
  • On OML 138 (20%), TOTAL started production in the Usan offshore field in 2012, reaching 130 kboe / d in 2013. In 2014, the Ukot South-2B and Ukot South-3 exploration wells led to two oil discoveries. The Group is actively pursuing the sale process launched in November 2012, which was not able to close. TOTAL ceased to be the operator of OML 138 in February 2014.
  • Block 1 (48.6%, operator) of the Joint Development Zone was relinquished in September 2013, and OPL 221 was relinquished in November 2013.
  • In 2012, TOTAL sold its 10% stake in OML 30, 34 and 40, which were operated via the Shell Petroleum Development Company (SPDC) joint venture. Furthermore, new sales processes for four blocks (OML 18, 24, 25 & 29) were launched in early 2014, with the sale of OML 24 finalized in November 2014, and those of OML 18 and OML 29 finalized in March 2015.

TOTAL continues to develop its operated assets, in particular:

  • OML 58 (40%, operator): as part of its joint venture with the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC), TOTAL is pursuing a project to increase the block’s gas production capacity from 370 Mcf / d to 550 Mcf / d.
  • OML 102 (40%, operator): TOTAL achieved the flare- out portion of the Ofon Phase 2 project in December 2014. The associated gas from the Ofon field is now being compressed, evacuated to shore and monetized via Nigeria LNG (NLNG).
  • OML 130 (24%, operator): the development of the Egina field (capacity of 200 kboe / d) was launched in June 2013.
  • OML 99 (40%, operator): additional studies are underway for the development of the Ikike field.

In Kenya, TOTAL has interests on the offshore L5 and L7 licenses (40%) and the L11a, L11b and L12 licenses (30% after selling 10% of the stake in December 2014) and is the operator of the L22 license (70%) located in the Lamu delta in water depths ranging
from 1,000 m to 3,500 m.

In 2013, two exploration wells were drilled in Blocks L7 and L11b

On the offshore L22 license, seabed core drilling operations were carried out in early 2014 and a 3D seismic survey was carried out, benefitting from synergies with the adjacent blocks.

In Libya, the Group’s production in 2014 was 27 kb / d compared with 50 kb / d in 2013 and 62 kb / d in 2012. TOTAL is a 75%(1) partner in the Mabruk (Blocks 70 and 87) and Al Jurf (Blocks 15, 16 and 32) zones operated by Mabruk Oil Operations, a company held by National Oil Corporation (NOC) and TOTAL. In addition, TOTAL is a partner in the El Sharara zone (which comprises Blocks 129 and 130 (30%(1)) and 130 and 131 (24%(1))). Finally, TOTAL is the operator of the NC191 (100%(1)) exploration block.

The security situation in 2014 led the Group to gradually reduce the number of its personnel in Libya. Beginning in mid-2013 and through to the summer of 2014, production was affected by the blockade of most of the country’s terminals and pipelines.

  • In the onshore blocks 70 and 87 (Mabruk), production has been stopped since August 2013 due to the blockade of the Es Sider export terminal. Production resumed in September 2014 with the reopening of the terminal before being disrupted again mid-December due to the security situation near the Es Sider terminal; the field has not been producing since then.
  • In the onshore blocks 129, 130 and 131 (El Sharara), production was interrupted several times in 2014. Nevertheless, the exploration of these blocks continued in 2014 with the drilling of three wells.
  • In the offshore blocks 15, 16 and 32 (Al Jurf), production has not been affected by the social unrest in the country. However, the A1-16 / 3 exploration well which began drilling at year-end 2013 was plugged and temporarily abandoned in August 2014.

In Madagascar, TOTAL is active on the Bemolanga 3102 license (60%, operator). A two-year extension of the exploration phase was approved by the local authorities in August 2014. In Morocco, on the 100,000 km² Anzarane offshore reconnaissance contract which was granted in December 2011 to TOTAL and ONHYM (National Bureau of Petroleum and Mines), an extension was granted until December 2015. The processing and interpretation of a 3D seismic survey, acquired in 2013 in the southern part of the block, is ongoing. In Mauritania, the Group holds exploration interests in the ultra-deep offshore C9 license (90%, operator) and the onshore Ta29 license (72%, operator) in the Taoudenni basin, both acquired in 2012.

  • On Block Ta29, following the results of the 2D seismic survey performed in 2012, studies are underway to assess the block. In 2013, TOTAL sold an 18% stake in Block Ta29, reducing its stake to 72%.
  • A 3D seismic survey campaign covering 4,700 km² was conducted on Block C9 in 2013.
  • Furthermore, at the end of the exploration period in July 2014, Blocks Ta7 and Ta8 (60%, operator) were relinquished to the authorities.

In Mozambique, TOTAL acquired a 40% stake in the production sharing contract for offshore zones 3 and 6 in 2012. Located in the Rovuma basin, these two blocks cover an area of 15,250 km² from the coast up to water depths of 2,500 m. Half of the area of the two blocks was relinquished in 2013. A 500 km² 3D seismic survey was carried out between year-end 2014 and beginning of 2015.

In Nigeria, the Group’s production in 2014 was 257 kboe / d compared with 261 kboe / d in 2013 and 279 kboe / d in 2012. This decline was primarily due to the sharp increase in oil bunkering and a blockade of Nigeria LNG’s export cargoes in 2013. Nigeria is the leading contributor to the Group’s production.

TOTAL has been present in Nigeria since 1962 and operates five of the thirty seven oil mining leases (OML) in which it has interests and also holds interests in four oil prospecting licenses (OPL).

Regarding the principal variations in TOTAL’s permits since 2012:

  • In September 2013, TOTAL was granted approval by the authorities to increase its stake in OPL 285 from 26.67% to 60%.
  • In May 2013, TOTAL obtained the approval of the authorities for the renewal of OML 99, 100 and 102 for a period of twenty years.
  • On OML 138 (20%), TOTAL started production in the Usan offshore field in 2012, reaching 130 kboe / d in 2013. In 2014, the Ukot South-2B and Ukot South-3 exploration wells led to two oil discoveries. The Group is actively pursuing the sale process launched in November 2012, which was not able to close. TOTAL ceased to be the operator of OML 138 in February 2014.
  • Block 1 (48.6%, operator) of the Joint Development Zone was relinquished in September 2013, and OPL 221 was relinquished in November 2013.
  • In 2012, TOTAL sold its 10% stake in OML 30, 34 and 40, which were operated via the Shell Petroleum Development Company (SPDC) joint venture. Furthermore, new sales processes for four blocks (OML 18, 24, 25 & 29) were launched in early 2014, with the sale of OML 24 finalized in November 2014, and those of OML 18 and OML 29 finalized in March 2015.

TOTAL continues to develop its operated assets, in particular:

  • OML 58 (40%, operator): as part of its joint venture with the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC), TOTAL is pursuing a project to increase the block’s gas production capacity from 370 Mcf / d to 550 Mcf / d.
  • OML 102 (40%, operator): TOTAL achieved the flare-out portion of the Ofon Phase 2 project in December 2014. The associated gas from the Ofon field is now being compressed, evacuated to shore and monetized via Nigeria LNG (NLNG).
  • OML 130 (24%, operator): the development of the Egina field (capacity of 200 kboe / d) was launched in June 2013.
  • OML 99 (40%, operator): additional studies are underway for the development of the Ikike field.

TOTAL is also active in the LNG sector with a 15% stake in Nigeria LNG Ltd, which owns a liquefaction plant with a total capacity of 22 Mt / y. On Brass LNG, since the withdrawal of one of the partners, TOTAL’s stake has temporarily increased from 17% to 20.48%. Studies are currently ongoing for a two train liquefaction plant with a 4.5 Mt / y capacity each.

The Group’s non-operated production in Nigeria comes mainly from the SPDC joint venture, in which TOTAL holds a 10% stake. The sharp increase of oil bunkering in 2013, which continued in 2014, had a negative impact on onshore production, as well as on the integrity of the joint venture’s facilities and the local environment. In addition, TOTAL holds a stake in the deep offshore OML 118 (12.5%), including the Bonga field, which contributed 15 kboe / d to the Group’s production in 2014. On OML 118, a pre-unitization agreement relating to the Bonga South West / Aparo discovery (10%) was signed in December 2013.

In Uganda, where TOTAL has been active since 2012, the Group holds a 33.33% interest in the EA-1, EA-1A and EA-2 licenses as well as the Kingfisher license, located in the Lake Albert region. TOTAL is the operator of the EA-1 and EA-1A licenses and a partner on the other licenses.

  • On the EA-1 license, a campaign of wells, production tests and a 3D seismic survey were carried out between 2012 and mid- 2014. As of year-end 2014, five development plans had been submitted to the authorities: Ngiri (submitted in December 2013), Jobi-Rii (submitted in June 2014) and Mpyo, Gunya and Jobi East (submitted in December 2014).
  • The EA-1A license expired in February 2013 following a campaign of five exploration wells that resulted in one discovery (Lyec). With the exception of the area relating to this discovery, the license has been returned to the authorities.
  • On the EA-2 license, a campaign of wells and production tests that began in 2012 was completed in 2014. Two development plans were submitted to the authorities in June 2013 (Kasamene and Wahrindi fields, as well as those of Kigogole, Ngege, Ngara and Nsoga).
  • The development plan for the Kingfisher field, which is located on the EA-3 production license, was approved by the authorities in September 2013.
  • The Kanywataba license expired in 2012 and was returned to the authorities.

In the Republic of the Congo, the Group’s production in 2014 was 95 kboe / d compared with 93 kboe / d in 2013 and 113 kboe / d in 2012. The reduced production in 2013 was due to a planned shutdown on the Nkossa field. The decrease in production between 2012 and 2014 was due primarily to the natural decline of the fields. In December 2013, Qatar Petroleum International Upstream (QPI) purchased a 15% stake in the capital of Total E&P Congo via a share capital increase of the subsidiary.

  • The Moho Bilondo offshore field (53.5%, operator) reached plateau production of 90 kboe / d in mid-2010. The Phase 1b (capacity of 40 kboe / d) and Moho North (capacity of 100 kboe / d) project was launched in March 2013, with production start-up planned in 2015 and 2016, respectively.
  • Block 14K (36.75%) corresponds to the offshore unitization zone between the Haute Mer license in the Republic of the Congo and Block 14 in Angola. The development of the Lianzi field was launched in 2012. TOTAL holds a 26.75% interest in the unitized block through Total E&P Congo and a 10% interest through Angola Block 14 BV.
  • In July 2013, TOTAL obtained the Haute Mer B license (34.62%, operator). The authorities approved the license in June 2014.
  • As part of the renewal of the Loango and Zatchi licenses, an agreement on the related contractual and fiscal conditions was signed in October 2013. Following the approval of the authorities in June 2014, TOTAL’s interests in these licenses decreased respectively from 50% to 42.50% for Loango and from 35% to 29.75% for Zatchi, with retroactive effect from October 2013.

In the Lake Albert region of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Block III (66.66%, operator) exploration license was granted in 2012 for an initial three-year period. As a result of the security situation in the eastern part of the country in 2012, the license was extended for one year. The prospecting program is limited to the northern portion of the license, which is outside the Virunga park.

In the Republic of South Sudan, TOTAL is negotiating a new contract with the authorities that would enable it to resume exploration activities in part of Block B. Since the independence of the Republic of South Sudan in 2011, TOTAL is no longer present
in Sudan.

(1) Interest held by the company Angola Block 14 BV (TOTAL 50.01%, INPEX Corporation 49.99% since February 2013).
(2) Total Gabon is a company under Gabonese law listed on Euronext Paris. TOTAL holds 58.28%, the Republic of Gabon holds 25% and the public float is 16.72%.
(3) TOTAL’s stake in the foreign consortium.