In 2014, TOTAL’s production in the Middle East was 391 kboe / d, representing 18% of the Group’s total production, compared with 536 kboe / d in 2013 and 493 kboe / d in 2012.
In the United Arab Emirates, where TOTAL has had operations since 1939, the Group’s production was 127 kboe / d in 2014 compared with 260 kboe / d in 2013 and 246 kboe / d in 2012. The decrease in production in 2014 was due to the expiry of the Abu Dhabi Company for Onshore oil Operations (ADCO) license in January 2014, in which TOTAL held a 9.5% interest. In January 2015, TOTAL signed an agreement granting it a 10% participation as from January 1, 2015 in the new ADCO concession for 40 years. This concession covers the fifteen main onshore fields of Abu Dhabi and represents more than half of the Emirate’s
TOTAL holds a 75% stake (operator) in the Abu Al Bukhoosh field and a 13.3% stake in Abu Dhabi Marine Operating Company (ADMA-OPCO), which operates two fields offshore Abu Dhabi. TOTAL also holds a 15% stake in Abu Dhabi Gas Industries (GASCO), which produces NGL and condensates from the associated gas produced by ADCO as well as from the gas and condensates produced by ADMA-OPCO. In addition, TOTAL holds stakes of 5% in Abu Dhabi Gas Liquefaction Company (ADGAS), which processes the associated gas produced by ADMA-OPCO in order to produce LNG, NGL and condensates, and 5% in National Gas Shipping Company (NGSCO), which owns eight LNG tankers and exports the LNG produced by ADGAS.
The Group holds a 24.5% stake in Dolphin Energy Ltd. in partnership with Mubadala, a company owned by the government of Abu Dhabi, in order to market gas produced in Qatar primarily to the United Arab Emirates.
The Group also owns 33.33% of Ruwais Fertilizer Industries (FERTIL), which produces urea. The FERTIL 2 project commenced operations in July 2013, enabling FERTIL to more than double its production capacity to 2 Mt / y.
In Iraq, the Group’s production in 2014 was 12 kboe / d compared with 7 kboe / d in 2013 and 6 kboe / d in 2012.
On the Halfaya field in Missan province, following the completion of a negotiation in October 2014,TOTAL’s stake increased from 18.75% to 22.5% in the consortium that was awarded the development and production contract. Production of phase 1 of the project started in June 2012 and phase 2 started in August 2014, enabling production to reach 200 kb / d in the second half of 2014.
In early 2014,TOTAL increased its stake from 35% to 80% and became operator of the Safen Block (424 km²) located northwest of Erbil in the Kurdistan region. A 2D seismic survey of 275 km was conducted in 2014.
In early 2013, TOTAL acquired an 80% stake and became operator of the Baranan exploration Block (729 km²), southeast of Sulaymaniyah, in the Kurdistan region. A 2D seismic survey of 213 km was completed in January 2014.
Since 2012, TOTAL has held a 35% stake in the Harir exploration Block (705 km²) located northeast of Erbil, as well as a 20% stake in the Taza Block (505 km²), located southwest of Sulaymaniyah. Following three exploration wells in 2013 that led to two discoveries on the Taza Block and on the Harir Block (Mirawa), an exploration well was drilled in 2014 resulting in the Jisik discovery.
In Iran, the Group has had no production since 2010. For additional information, refer to point 3.9. of chapter 4 (Risk factors).
In Oman, the Group’s production in 2014 was 36 kboe / d, stable compared with 2013 and 2012. TOTAL primarily produces oil on Block 6 (4%)(1) as well as on Block 53 (2%)(2). The Group also produces LNG through its stake in the Oman LNG (5.54%) / Qalhat LNG (2.04%)(3) liquefaction plant, which has a capacity of 10.5 Mt / y. In December 2013, TOTAL obtained the license for ultra-deep offshore Block 41, in which a seabed core drilling campaign was carried out.
In Qatar, where TOTAL has had operations since 1936, the Group’s production was 132 kboe / d in 2014 compared with 137 kboe / d in 2013 and 139 kboe / d in 2012.
The Group operates the Al Khalij field and participates in the production, processing and export of gas from the North Field through its stakes in the Qatargas 1 and Qatargas 2 Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) plants and in Dolphin Energy.
- Al Khalij (40%, operator): in 2012, TOTAL and state-owned Qatar Petroleum signed a new agreement extending their partnership on the Al Khalij field for an additional 25-year period as of February 1, 2014. According to the terms of this contract, TOTAL will continue to be the operator (40%) alongside Qatar Petroleum (60%).
- Qatargas 2 (16.7%): the production capacity of train 5 of Qatargas 2 is 8 Mt / y. TOTAL offtakes part of the LNG produced under the 2006 contracts which provide for the purchase of 5.2 Mt / y of LNG by the Group. In addition, the Group holds a stake in the Qatargas 1 liquefaction plant (10%) as well as a stake in the corresponding upstream block NFB (20%).
- Dolphin Energy (24.5%): the production contract for the Dolphin gas project, signed in 2001 with Qatar Petroleum, provides for the sale of 2 Bcf / d of gas from the North Field for a 25-year period. The gas is processed in the Dolphin plant in Ras Laffan and exported to the United Arab Emirates through a 360 km gas pipeline.
- The Group became a partner in the offshore BC exploration license (25%) in 2011. Drilling of the first exploration well started in May 2014 and was completed in December 2014.
In Syria, TOTAL has a 100% stake in the Deir Ez Zor license, which is operated by the joint venture company DEZPC in which TOTAL and the state-owned company SPC each have a 50% share. TOTAL also holds the Tabiyeh contract, which came into effect in 2009. The Group has had no production in the country since December 2011, when TOTAL suspended its hydrocarbon production activities in Syria in compliance with the European Union’s regulations regarding this country. For additional information, refer to point 3.9. of chapter 4 (Risk factors).
In Yemen, where TOTAL has had operations since 1987, the Group’s production was 84 kboe / d in 2014 compared with 95 kboe / d in 2013 and 65 kboe / d in 2012.
The security situation in Yemen remains unstable, however this had only a marginal effect on the production from the Group’s assets in 2014. Security measures are regularly reviewed in view of the evolving risks.
TOTAL owns a 39.62% stake in the Yemen LNG liquefaction plant (capacity of 6.7 Mt / y), which is located in Balhaf on the country’s southern coast. This plant is supplied with the gas produced on Block 18, located near Marib in the center of the country, and connected via a 320 km gas pipeline. Rockets were launched towards the Balhaf plant in December 2013, January 2014 and December 2014. However, production was not impacted and security measures have been strengthened.
TOTAL also has stakes in two oil blocks: Block 10 East Shabwa license (28.57%, operator) in the Masila basin and Block 5 Jannah license (15%) in the Marib basin.
TOTAL owns stakes in five onshore exploration licenses: Block 69 (40%, the exploration period has expired and the block is in the process of being relinquished), Block 71 (40%), Block 70 (50.1%, operator), Block 72 (36%, operator), and Block 3 (40%, operator).
(1) TOTAL holds an indirect 4% stake in Petroleum Development Oman LLC, operator of Block 6 via its 10% stake in Private Oil Holdings Oman Ltd.
(2) TOTAL holds a 2% stake in Block 53.
(3) TOTAL has an indirect stake via Oman LNG’s stake in Qalhat LNG.