25) Share-based payments

A) TOTAL share subscription option plans

Table : TOTAL share subscription option plans

Options are exercisable, subject to a continuous employment condition, after a 2-year period from the date of the Board meeting awarding the options and expire eight years after this date. The underlying shares may not be transferred during four years from the date of grant. For the 2007 to 2011 Plans, the 4-year transfer restriction period does not apply to employees of non-French subsidiaries as of the date of the grant, who may transfer the underlying shares after a 2-year period from the date of the grant.

Since the 2011 Plan, no new TOTAL share subscription option plan or TOTAL share purchase plan was decided.

B) TOTAL performance share grants

Table : TOTAL performance share grants

The performance shares, which are bought back by the Company on the market, are finally granted to their beneficiaries after a 3-year vesting period for the 2013 and 2014 Plans and a 2-year vesting period for the previous plans, from the date of the grant. The final grant is subject to a continued employment condition and a performance condition. Moreover, the transfer of the performance shares finally granted will not be permitted until the end of a 2-year holding period from the date of the final grant.

2013 and 2014 Plans

For the 2013 and 2014 Plans, the Board of Directors decided that for senior executives (other than the late Chairman and Chief Executive Officer), the final grant of all shares will be subject to a continued employment condition and a performance condition. The performance condition states that the number of shares finally granted is based on the average ROE of the Group as published by the Group according to its consolidated balance sheet and statement of income for fiscal years 2013, 2014 and 2015 for the 2013 Plan and for fiscal years 2014, 2015 and 2016 for the 2014 Plan. The acquisition rate:

  • is equal to zero if the average ROE is less than or equal to 8%;
  • varies on a straight-line basis between 0% and 100% if the average ROE is greater than 8% and less than 16%; and
  • is equal to 100% if the average ROE is greater than or equal to 16%.

The Board of Directors also decided that for each beneficiary of more than 100 shares (other than the late Chairman and Chief Executive Officer and the senior executives), and subject to the continuous employment condition, the shares in excess of this threshold will subject to the performance condition described above and will be finally granted provided such performance condition is met.

In addition, the Board of Directors had decided that, subject to a continuous employment condition, the number of performance shares finally granted to the Chairman and Chief Executive Officer would be subject to two performance conditions:

  • For 50% of the shares granted, the performance condition stated that the number of shares finally granted would have been based on the average ROE of the Group as published by the Group according to its consolidated balance sheet and statement of income for the three reference fiscal years. The acquisition rate would have been equal to zero if the average ROE had been less than or equal to 8%; would have varied on a straight-line basis between 0% and 100% if the average ROE had been more than 8% and less than 16%; and would have been equal to 100% if the average ROE had been more than or equal to 16%.
  • For 50% of the shares granted, the performance condition stated that the number of shares finally granted would have been based on the average ROACE of the Group as published by the Group according to its consolidated balance sheet and statement of income for the three reference fiscal years. The acquisition rate would have been equal to zero if the average ROACE had been less than or equal to 7%; would have varied on a straight-line basis between 0% and 100% if the average ROACE had been more than 7% and less than 15%; and would have been equal to 100% if the average ROACE had been more than or equal to 15%.

However following the death of Mr. de Margerie, and by application of the rules of the performance share plan, the late Chairman and Chief Executive Officer’s heirs can request to receive 100% of the performance shares initially granted.

2012 Plan

For the 2012 Plan, the Board of Directors decided that for senior executives (other than the Chairman and Chief Executive Officer), the final grant of all shares will be subject to a continued employment condition and a performance condition. The performance condition states that the number of shares finally granted is based on the average ROE of the Group as published by the Group according to its consolidated balance sheet and statement of income for fiscal years 2012 and 2013. The acquisition rate:

  • is equal to zero if the average ROE is less than or equal to 8%;
  • varies on a straight-line basis between 0% and 100% if the average ROE is greater than 8% and less than 16%; and
  • is equal to 100% if the average ROE is greater than or equal to 16%.

The Board of Directors also decided that, for each beneficiary (other than the Chairman and Chief Executive Officer and the senior executives) of more than 100 shares, the shares in excess of this number will be finally granted subject to the performance condition mentioned before.

In addition, the Board of Directors decided that, subject to a continuous employment condition, the number of performance shares finally granted to the Chairman and Chief Executive Officer will be subject to two performance conditions: 

  • For 50% of the shares granted, the performance condition states that the number of shares finally granted is based on the average ROE of the Group as published by the Group according to its consolidated balance sheet and statement of income for fiscal years 2012 and 2013. The acquisition rate is equal to zero if the average ROE is less than or equal to 8%; varies on a straight-line basis between 0% and 100% if the average ROE is more than 8% and less than 16%; and is equal to 100% if the average ROE is more than or equal to 16%.
  • For 50% of the shares granted, the performance condition states that the number of shares finally granted is based on the average ROACE of the Group as published by the Group according to its consolidated balance sheet and statement of income for fiscal years 2012 and 2013. The acquisition rate is equal to zero if the average ROACE is less than or equal to 7%; varies on a straight-line basis between 7% and 100% if the average ROACE is more than 7% and less than 15%; and is equal to 100% if the average ROACE is more than or equal to 15%.

For the 2012 plan, due to the application of the performance conditions, the acquisition rate was 100% for the shares granted under condition depending on the ROE criteria and 88% for the shares granted under condition depending on the ROACE criteria. As a reminder, the acquisition rates were 100% for the 2010 and 2011 plans.

C) Global free TOTAL share plan

The Board of Directors approved at its meeting on May 21, 2010, the implementation and conditions of a global free share plan intended for the Group’s employees (employees of TOTAL S.A. or companies in which TOTAL S.A. holds directly or indirectly an interest of more than 50%). On June 30, 2010, entitlement rights to twenty-five free shares were granted to every employee. 

The final grant was subject to a continued employment condition during the plan’s vesting period. Depending on the country in which the companies of the Group were located, the acquisition period was either two years followed by a conservation period of two years (for the countries with a 2+2 structure), or four years without any conservation period (for the countries with a 4+0 structure). Furthermore, the granted shares were not subject to a performance condition.

The Chairman and Chief Executive Officer acknowledged on July 2, 2012, the issuance and the award of 1,366,950 shares to the beneficiaries designated at the end of the 2-year acquisition period. The Chairman and Chief Executive Officer acknowledged on July 1, 2014, the issuance and the award of 666,575 shares to the beneficiaries designated at the end of the 4-year acquisition period.

Table : Outstanding

D) SunPower plans

SunPower has three stock incentive plans: the 1996 Stock Plan (“1996 Plan”), the Third Amended and Restated 2005 SunPower Corporation Stock Incentive Plan (“2005 Plan”) and the PowerLight Corporation Common Stock Option and Common Stock Purchase Plan (“PowerLight Plan”). The PowerLight Plan was assumed by SunPower by way of the acquisition of PowerLight in fiscal 2007. Under the terms of all three plans, SunPower may issue incentive or non-statutory stock options or stock purchase rights to directors, employees and consultants to purchase common stock. The 2005 Plan was adopted by SunPower’s Board of Directors in August 2005, and was approved by shareholders in November 2005. The 2005 Plan replaced the 1996 Plan and allows not only for the grant of options, but also for the grant of stock appreciation rights, restricted stock grants, restricted stock units and other equity rights. The 2005 Plan also allows for tax withholding obligations related to stock option exercises or restricted stock awards to be satisfied through the retention of shares otherwise released upon vesting. The PowerLight Plan was adopted by PowerLight’s Board of Directors in October 2000.

In May 2008, the Company’s stockholders approved an automatic annual increase available for grant under the 2005 Plan, beginning in fiscal 2009. The automatic annual increase is equal to the lower of three percent of the outstanding shares of all classes of the Company’s common stock measured on the last day of the immediately preceding fiscal quarter, 6.0 million shares, or such other number of shares as determined by the Company’s Board of Directors. As of December 28, 2014, approximately 8.0 million shares were available for grant under the 2005 Plan. In fiscal 2014, the Company’s Board of Directors voted not to add the three percent annual increase at the beginning of fiscal 2015. No new awards were being approved by the Company’s Board of Directors in fiscal 2014. No new awards are being granted under the 1996 Plan or the PowerLight Plan.

Incentive stock options may be granted at no less than the fair value of the common stock on the date of grant. Non-statutory stock options and stock purchase rights may be granted at no less than 85% of the fair value of the common stock at the date of grant. The options and rights become exercisable when and as determined by the Company’s Board of Directors, although these terms generally do not exceed ten years for stock options. Under the 1996 and 2005 Plans, the options typically vest over five years with a one-year cliff and monthly vesting thereafter. Under the PowerLight Plan, the options typically vest over five years with yearly cliff vesting. Under the 2005 Plan, the restricted stock grants and restricted stock units typically vest in three equal installments annually over three years. 

The majority of shares issued are net of the minimum statutory withholding requirements that the Company pays on behalf of its employees. During fiscal 2014, 2013, and 2012, the Company withheld 1,738,625 shares, 1,329,140 shares, and 905,953 shares, respectively, to satisfy the employees’ tax obligations. The Company pays such withholding requirements in cash to the appropriate taxing authorities. Shares withheld are treated as common stock repurchases for accounting and disclosure purposes and reduce the number of shares outstanding upon vesting.

The following table summarizes SunPower’s stock option activities:

Table : SunPower’s stock option activities

The intrinsic value of options exercised in fiscal 2014, 2013, and 2012 were $2.4 million, $0.8 million, and $0.1 million, respectively. There were no stock options granted in fiscal 2014, 2013, and 2012.

The aggregate intrinsic value in the preceding table represents the total pre-tax intrinsic value, based on the Company’s closing stock price of $26.32 at December 28, 2014 which would have been received by the option holders had all option holders exercised their options as of that date. The total number of in-the-money options exercisable was 0.1 million shares as of December 28, 2014. 

The following table summarizes SunPower’s non-vested stock options and restricted stock activities thereafter:

Table : SunPower’s non-vested stock options and restricted stock activities thereafter

E) Share-based payment expense

Share-based payment expense before tax for the year 2014 amounts to $194 million and is broken down as follows:

  • $114 million for TOTAL restricted shares plans; and
  • $80 million for SunPower plans.

Share-based payment expense before tax for the year 2013 amounted to $287 million and was broken down as follows:

  • $4 million for TOTAL share subscription plans;
  • $170 million for TOTAL restricted shares plans;
  • $98 million for SunPower plans;
  • $14 million for the capital increase reserved for employees (see Note 17) "Shareholders’ equity"​).


Share-based payment expense before tax for the year 2012 amounted to $191 million and was broken down as follows:

  • $17 million for TOTAL share subscription plans;
  • $171 million for TOTAL restricted shares plans; and
  • $3 million for SunPower plans.

In 2014, 2013 and 2012 no new TOTAL share subscription option plan was decided.

The cost of capital increases reserved for employees is reduced to take into account the non transferability of the shares that could be subscribed by the employees over a period of five years. The valuation method of non transferability of the shares is based on a strategy cost in two steps consisting, first, in a five years forward sale of the nontransferable shares, and second, in purchasing the same number of shares in cash with a loan financing reimbursable “in fine”. 

The Combined General Meeting of May 11, 2012 delegated to the Board of Directors, in its seventeenth resolution, the authority to carry out in one or more occasions within a maximum period of twenty-six months, a capital increase reserved for employees belonging to an employee savings plan. 

This same Combined General Meeting also delegated to the Board of Directors the powers necessary to accomplish in one or more occasions within a maximum period of eighteen months, a capital increase with the objective of providing employees with their registered office located outside France with benefits comparable to those granted to the employees included in the seventeenth resolution of the Combined General Meeting of May 11, 2012. 

Pursuant to these delegations, the Board of Directors, during its September 18, 2012 meeting, decided to proceed with a capital increase reserved for employees that included a classic offer and a leveraged offer depending on the employees’ choice, within the limit of 18 million shares with dividend rights as of January 1, 2012. This capital increase resulted in the subscription of 10,802,215 shares with a par value of €2.50 at a unit price of €30.70. The issuance of the shares was acknowledged on April 25, 2013. 

The cost of the capital increase reserved for employees consists of the cost related to the discount on all the shares subscribed using both the classic and the leveraged schemes, and the opportunity gain for the shares subscribed using the leveraged scheme. This opportunity gain corresponds to the benefit of subscribing to the leveraged offer, rather than reproducing the same economic profile through the purchase of options in the market for individual investors. 

The global cost is reduced to take into account the non transferability of the shares that could be subscribed by the employees over a period of five years. The valuation method of non transferability of the shares is based on a strategy cost in two steps consisting, first, in a five years forward sale of the nontransferable shares, and second, in purchasing the same number of shares in cash with a loan financing reimbursable “in fine”.

During the year 2013, the main assumptions used for the valuation of the cost of the capital increase reserved for employees were the following:

Table : the valuation of the cost of the capital increase reserved for employees 2013

A cost of $14.1 million related to the capital increase reserved for employees has been accounted to the fiscal year 2013. 

The Combined General Meeting of May 16, 2014, in its fourteenth resolution, delegated to the Board of Directors the authority to carry out in one or more occasions within a maximum period of twentysix months, a capital increase reserved for employees belonging to an employee savings plan. 

The Combined General Meeting of May 16, 2014, in its fifteenth resolution, also delegated to the Board of Directors the powers necessary to accomplish in one or more occasions within a maximum period of eighteen months, a capital increase with the objective of providing employees with their registered office located outside France with benefits comparable to those granted to the employees included in the fourteenth resolution of the Combined General Meeting of May 16, 2014.

Pursuant to these delegations, the Board of Directors, during its July 29, 2014, meeting, decided to proceed with a capital increase reserved for employees that included a classic offering and a leveraged offering depending on the employees’ choice, within the limit of 18 million shares with dividend rights as of January 1, 2014. All powers were delegated to the Chief Executive Officer to determine the opening and closing of the subscription period and the subscription price. This capital increase, opened in 2014, should be completed before the General Meeting of 2015.