On July 9, 2012, the Swiss Tribunal Fédéral (Switzerland’s Supreme Court) rendered a decision against Rivunion, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Elf Aquitaine, confirming a tax reassessment in the amount of CHF 171 million (excluding interest for late payment). According to the Tribunal, Rivunion was held liable as tax collector for withholding taxes owed by the beneficiaries of taxable services. Rivunion, in liquidation since March 13, 2002 and unable to recover the amounts corresponding to the withholding taxes in order to meet its fiscal obligations, has been subject to insolvency proceedings since November 1, 2012. On August 29, 2013, the Swiss federal tax administration lodged a claim as part of the insolvency proceedings of Rivunion, for an amount of CHF 284 million, including CHF 171 million of principal as well as interest for late payment. Rivunion’s insolvency proceedings was terminated on December 4, 2014 and the company was removed from the Geneva commercial register on December 11, 2014.