Group Employees as of December 31, 2014
As of December 31, 2014, the Group had 100,307 employees belonging to 350 employing companies and subsidiaries located in 104 countries. The tables below show the breakdown of employees by the following categories: gender, nationality, business segment, region, and age bracket.
Between 2013 and 2014, the workforce increased by 1.5%. At year-end 2014, the country with the most employees after France was the United States, followed by Mexico, China and Germany.
The breakdown by gender and nationality of managers or equivalent positions (≥ 300 Hay points) is as follows:
The table below shows the breakdown by business segment of the Group employees present (as defined in point 5. of this chapter).
In 2014, the WHRS covered 90,949 employees belonging to 147 subsidiaries.
Employees joining and leaving TOTAL
The number of employees hired under open-ended contracts in 2014 in the consolidated companies increased by 1.1% compared with 2013. The regions in which the largest number of employees were hired were Asia (27%), followed by Latin America (26.8%) and Europe (26%), and the business segment that hired most was Refining & Chemicals (55.9%).
In 2014, the consolidated Group companies also hired 3,675 employees on fixed-term contracts. Close to 600,000 job applications were received by the companies covered by the WHRS.
TOTAL’s approach to overall compensation (salary and employee benefits) is guided by the twin imperatives of external competitiveness, with salaries and social protection schemes positioned relative to local reference markets, and internal fairness. These shared principles are adapted in line with local factors such as labor laws, the economic context and the job market in the various countries where the Group operates.
When comparative elements are available, a compensation positionning at the market average is sought. General and merit-based salary-raise campaigns take place yearly. Group companies may also use tools that reward collective performance (for example, in France, incentives and profit-sharing), together with base salary supplements, such as bonuses or variable portions, to better acknowledge individual contribution. The trend is towards individualized remuneration by strengthening rewards for individual performance.
The Health, Safety and Environment (HSE) aspect is also taken into account when evaluating individual and collective performance. A policy is pursued that recognizes HSE performance by assessing the individual performance of managers and collective team performance. A portion of the managers’ variable compensation is based on the achievement of HSE targets set for each business segment. It may also include individual HSE objectives, for which achievement is assessed during the annual appraisal. For the managers whose compensation includes a variable portion, HSE criteria can determine up to 10% of the variable portion. For all employees, the annual appraisal also includes an HSE target determined with the line manager. In addition, the three-yearly profit-sharing agreement for 2012-2014 applying to the oil and petrochemicals perimeter (1) in France included for the first time a component of remuneration that is conditional on reaching an HSE target assessed per business segment.
Moreover, 98% of the employees included in the 2014 WHRS are employed in countries where the law guarantees a minimum wage. For the remaining 2%, in the absence of legislation, the Group complies with the local agreements on pay (Company agreements or collective conventions) or builds its own pay structure, at the very least. The minimum compensation is always set in accordance with the above policy, which is based on external benchmarks, thereby guaranteeing compensation above the locally applicable minimum.
The general implementation of job weighting using the same evaluation method (the Hay method), which allows a salary range to be associated with each job level, ensures fair treatment internally.
The development of employee shareholding is another cornerstone of the Group’s compensation policy. It is used to foster a good understanding of the Company’s core values and to create a direct link with company performance. TOTAL thus grants performance shares to a significant number of employees (approximately 10,000) on the basis of the Group’s achievement of overall economic goals (see point "Stock options and performance share grants policy" of Chapter "Compensation for the administration and management bodies").
In July 2014, the Board of Directors of TOTAL S.A. approved a performance share plan. This is the tenth plan implemented by the Group since the granting of free shares to employees has been permitted by French law and it ensures a significant replenishment rate with 39% of employees who were not beneficiaries the previous year.
The Group regularly invites its employees to subscribe to capital increases reserved for employees, the latest of which was launched in 2013. During this operation, 28,000 employees in 96 countries decided to subscribe to this capital increase, which, in addition to a conventional scheme, offered a scheme securing the employee’s investment with a guaranteed minimum return. A new operation is taking place in 2015, in approximately 106 countries, which offers the same schemes as in 2013, a classic formula and a “leveraged” formula. New for this operation is a matching contribution on the first five shares subscribed, which aims to encourage subscribers with modest saving capacity. This operation is carried out in two phases: a “reservation” period from November 28 to December 12, 2014, followed by a “withdrawal / subscription” period from March 14 to 20, 2015. The subscription price was set on March 13, 2015.
Moreover, TOTAL places the development of employee savings, wherever possible, at the heart of its Human Resources policy. For more detailed information, see point "Share ownership" of Chapter "Corporate governance" of this Registration Document.
The pension and employee benefit programs in the Group’s subsidiaries are improved every year (health, disability and life insurance). The Group also monitors legislative developments and adjusts these programs accordingly. A life insurance program paying a minimum of two years’ salary in case of death, regardless of the cause, has been set up in a large majority of Group companies. The level of coverage under this program at year-end was 87% of the workforce included in the 2014 WHRS.