Assessment process for reserves
The estimation of reserves is an ongoing process that is done within affiliates by experienced geoscientists, engineers and economists under the supervision of each affiliate’s General Management. Staff involved in reserves evaluation are trained to follow SEC-compliant internal guidelines and policies regarding criteria that must be met before reserves can be considered as proved. All of the Group’s proved reserves held in subsidiaries and equity affiliates are estimated within the affiliates of the Group with the exception of the proved reserves held by the Russian equity affiliate OAO Novatek. The assessment of the net proved liquids and natural gas reserves of certain properties owned by
OAO Novatek was completed as of December 31, 2014, in accordance with the standards applied by the Group, based on an independent third-party report from DeGolyer & MacNaughton. These independently assessed reserves account for 58% of OAO
Novatek’s net proved reserves and 61% of the total net proved reserves TOTAL held in Russia as of December 31, 2014.
The technical validation process relies on a Technical Reserves Committee that is responsible for approving proved reserves changes above a certain threshold and technical evaluations of reserves associated with an investment decision that requires approval from the Exploration & Production Executive Committee. The Chairman of the Technical Reserves Committee is appointed by the Senior Management of Exploration & Production and its members represent expertise in reservoir engineering, production geology, production geophysics, drilling and development studies.
An internal control process related to reserves estimation is formalized and involves the following elements:
- A central Reserve Entity whose responsibility is to consolidate, document and archive the Group’s reserves; to ensure coherence of evaluations worldwide; to maintain the Corporate Reserves Guidelines Standards in line with SEC guidelines and policies; to deliver training on reserves evaluation and classification; and to conduct periodically in-depth technical review of reserves for each affiliate.
- An annual review of affiliates reserves conducted by an internal group of specialists selected for their expertise in geosciences and engineering or their knowledge of the affiliate. All members of this group, chaired by the Reserves Vice-President (RVP) of the Development division and composed of at least three Technical Reserves Committee members, are knowledgeable in the SEC guidelines for proved reserves evaluation. Their responsibility is to provide an independent review of reserves changes proposed by affiliates and ensure that reserves are estimated using appropriate standards and procedures.
- At the end of the annual review carried out by the Development division, an SEC Reserves Committee chaired by the Exploration & Production Senior Vice President Corporate Affairs and comprised of the Development, Exploration, Strategy and Legal Senior Vice Presidents, or their representatives, as well as the Chairman of the Technical Reserves Committee and the RVP of the Development division, approves the elements of the SEC reserve booking proposals concerning criteria that are not dependent upon reservoir and geosciences techniques. The results of the annual review and the proposals for including revisions or additions of SEC Proved Reserves are presented to the Exploration & Production Executive Committee for approval before final validation by the Group Executive Management.
The reserves evaluation and control process is audited periodically by the Group’s internal auditors who verify the effectiveness of the reserves evaluation process and control procedures.
The RVP of the Development division is the technical person responsible for preparing the reserves estimates for the Group. Appointed by the President of Exploration & Production, the RVP supervises the Reserve Entity, chairs the annual review of reserves, and is a member of the Technical Reserves Committee and the SEC Reserves Committee. The current RVP has over thirty years of experience in the oil and gas industry. He previously held several management positions in the roup in reservoir engineering and geosciences, and has more than fifteen years of experience in the field of reserves evaluation and control process. He holds an engineering degree from Institut National des Sciences Appliquées, Lyon, France, and a petroleum engineering degree from École Nationale Supérieure du Pétrole et des Moteurs (IFP School), France. He is a member and a past Chairman of the Society of Petroleum Engineers Oil and Gas Reserves Committee and a member of the UNECE (United Nations Economic Commission for Europe) Expert Group on Resource Classification.